Still's disease is a form of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis that affects children. The exact cause of Still's disease is unknown, yet it is believed to be the result of an immune disorder, in which the immune system attacks healthy cells and tissues. Another theory is that the inflammation caused by Still's disease may be the result of an infection.
Symptoms of Still's Disease
This chronic condition results in joint stiffness, inflammation and pain. Additional symptoms may include fatigue and a high fever that may spike at the same time every day, as well as a salmon-colored skin rash that may come and go. Swollen glands, red eyes and an overall pale appearance may also be characteristic of children suffering from Still's disease.
To diagnose Still's disease, a doctor will perform a physical examination to evaluate all symptoms and the patient's overall health. Diagnostic tests, including blood tests, X-rays, bone scan, electrocardiogram or an eye exam, may also be conducted.
Treatment of Still's Disease
Treatment for Still's disease focuses on relieving symptoms and reducing inflammation, which may be achieved through anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroids and common arthritis medications. Medications to manage immune system reactions may also be prescribed. Children with Still's disease are also advised to stay active and exercise regularly. In many cases, the disease will subside and become inactive over time, causing little to no permanent joint damage.